This course is intended to provide Chinese students of linguistics with a solid and comprehensive foundation in phonology. It covers three related areas in phonology, namely phonemic analysis, generative phonology, and Optimality Theory. Equal emphasis is given to the discussion of key theoretical issues and to the actual analysis of phonological systems. A large number of in-class activities are included to encourage students to explore both cross-linguistic universals in phonology and the phonological features of individual languages.

音系学是现代语言学的核心领域之一,自19世纪末喀山学派提出“心理语音学”概念以来,产生了众多理论流派和研究方法。本课程是上海外国语大学语言学专业(本科)核心课程、外国语言学及应用语言学专业(硕士研究生)学位专业课程,内容涵盖了音系学诸流派中最为基要的音位学、生成音系学和优选论,其中生成音系学包括经典理论及后期发展,涉及SPE音系学、自然生成音系学、特征几何、自主音段音系学、节律音系学、CV音系学、词库音系学、自然音系学等。同时,本课程也对功能和认知学派的音系学研究做了引介。课程以教师讲授为主,广泛利用多种语言和方言材料,并辅以大量的课内外练习和指导,力求使学习者在理论知识和研究方法两方面同时得到提高。

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This course is intended to provide Chinese students of linguistics with a solid and comprehensive foundation in articulatory phonetics. It is composed of sixteen oral lectures (accompanied by numerous multimedia activities based on materials from a variety of languages), and covers a broad range of related issues, including phonation, vowels, consonants, airstream mechanisms, complex articulation, syllable, and prosody. Each issue is presented and discussed from both theoretical and practical perspectives. Upon completion of the course, students are expected to have a relatively complete mastery of the IPA system, both conversant with its physiological basis and skilled in its application, especially in linguistic fieldwork.

本课程是上海外国语大学语言学专业(本科)核心课程,旨在为学习者提供发音语音学领域的基础知识和能力训练。课程分为初识语音、发声、元音(I-II)、辅音(I-IV)、气流机制、复合发音、音节、音段调查实践、韵律(I-V)等板块,涵盖了语音的生理基础、各类语音的描写、国际音标发音、田野调查中的听音记音等多方面的内容。课程以教师讲授为主,采用多媒体手段,利用各种语言和方言材料,并辅以大量的课内外实践,力求从普遍的角度引导学习者观察和认识人类丰富多样的语音及其规律,使其在发音理论知识和发音、听音、记音的实践能力两方面同时得到提高。