Exercise 3 练习3

Transcribe the recordings in IPA. 请用国际音标转写录音中的内容。

Round 1 第1轮: 

Listen to the items modelled on words from Modern Greek. You will need to remember the fricatives that you have learned so far, especially the velar fricatives, voiceless [xɑ], [ɑxɑ] and voiced [ɣɑ], [ɑɣɑ], and the voiceless palatal [çɑ], [ɑçɑ]. You hear something like this when we say the name Hugh [hj̊uː] in English. This is also the German ich-laut. 本轮录音中,你将听到的是现代希腊语的单词发音。你将用到你所学过的一些擦音的知识,尤其是软腭清擦音[x]、浊擦音[ɣ]和硬腭清擦音[ç](如英语Hugh的首辅音,以及德语ich中的辅音)。

Round 2: 

Listen to the items modelled on words from French to help extend your knowledge of secondary Cardinal Vowels. In addition to the primary vowels, you already know sCV1, [y]. You will now need to begin listening for sCV2, [ø]. This French r-sound also allows you to practise both voiced and voiceless uvular fricatives – voiced [ʁ] and also the more familiar voiceless one that you will hear when French ‘r’ occurs at the end of a word like fenêtre "window". This last is the [χ]. 在本轮录音中,你将听到的是法语的单词发音。除了主要标准元音外,你还将用到你学过的次要标准元音(如[y]、[ø])的知识。法语中的r音还将帮助你练习小舌清浊擦音:[ʁ]是小舌浊擦音,但法语的r在词尾时通常发成小舌清擦音[χ],如fenêtre“窗户”。

Round 3: 

The words are modelled on Dutch. 本轮录音中,你将听到的是荷兰语的单词发音。

Round 4: 

The words are modelled on Italian. 本轮录音中,你将听到的是意大利语的单词发音。

Round 5: 

The words are modelled on Spanish. 本轮录音中,你将听到的是西班牙语的单词发音。